History Of Soil And Water Conservation In Ethiopia Pdf
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- Soil and water conservation in ethiopia
- Current Investigations in Agriculture and Current Research
- A History of Soil and Water Conservation in Tigray
DOI: Abstract PDF. The preservation and sustainable development of soil and water resources is one of the basic principles for the development of Kenya. Throughout the course of history, all the social improvement and economic development are deeply concerned with soil loss and ecological environmental protection.
Soil and water conservation in ethiopia
The article contains information about the traditional soil conservation practices, the reasons for intervention with traditional soil conservation technologies, the historical background of instutionalized soil conservation activities, the institutional frame work for soil conservation activities and their achievements, and the different departments and organisations for soil and water conservation as far as soil erosion in Ethiopia is concerned. As a conclusion and recommendation, the major constraints of the past activities and the current situation including future trends were discussed. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Research with a mission — Alem G : Soil erosion assessment study in some selected areas of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa, pp —
Current Investigations in Agriculture and Current Research
Gully erosion is a serious threat to the society and environment of the study, primarily caused by surface runoff and dramatically accelerated due to rugged topography and human induced factors. Intensive measurements of gully characteristics were undertaken to investigate the morphologies of gully, while aiming for sustainable gully rehabilitation; therefore, a total of 63 gully samples from three different agroecologies were randomly observed. The morphological variability of measured gullies was evaluated and the resulting CVs had been between 0. The correlation matrices for many parameters of gully morphology in different districts of Semien Gondar showed several sets of significant relationships. Some of the assessed gullies showed that appropriate physical gully control structures integrated with vegetative measures have resulted in a significant reduction of soil loss and stabilized the gully from further enlargement. There could be various justifications for the success of these structures; however, the most important measures were vegetative management and exclusion of cattle.
Metrics details. Soil erosion is among the foremost causes of declining soil resources in Ethiopia, which in turn affect agricultural productivity. To limit this problem, for the last two decades in Gumara watershed, soil and water conservation measures have been practiced through free labor community mass-mobilization. However, their effect on soil fertility has not been evaluated. This study investigated the impact of implemented soil and water conservation measures on fertility improvement in the Gumara watershed. Both composite and core soil samples were taken from upstream, midstream, and downstream adjacent conserved and non-conserved cultivated and grazing plots. Selected soil fertility indicators were analyzed using standard laboratory procedures.
Metrics details. Soil erosion and nutrient depletion have been the major challenges in Ethiopia that adversely affect soil fertility and crop productivity. With the aim of curbing land degradation problems, efforts are underway on the implementation of soil and water conservation SWC practices. This research investigated the effects of SWC practices on soil properties and crop productivity in cultivated lands of Bashe micro-watershed, Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Data were collected from five different practices viz.
Approaches in the development of soil and water conservation destroyed soils within a time span that bears any relations to human history (Steiner.
A History of Soil and Water Conservation in Tigray
The basic idea is to consider the necessity of soil conservation and climate-changes adaptation as an opportunity to directly improve and diversify the farm productions, through the integration of fodder and biomass production, and gradually engage the farmlands in the preservation of entire micro-watersheds. The document includes the following chapters:. Download the study pdf.