Pdf On Extortion And Blackmail In Nigeria

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Skip to main content. Search box. It examines the early history of the sect and its transformation into a radical armed group.

Police in Nigeria routinely charge suspects with a serious offense in order to have them detained, but make little or no effort to investigate or prosecute the case. Regrettably, the percentage of pretrial detainees as a proportion of the prison population has been stable over the last two decades. In , the Nigerian Prisons Service reported that the average period of pre-trial detention in Nigeria was nearly four years, with many held for longer. Sikuru Alade was held in pretrial custody for more than nine years without being tried.

Nigeria 2020 Crime & Safety Report: Lagos

Department of State. This is an annual report produced in conjunction with the Regional Security Office at the U. Consulate General in Lagos. OSAC encourages travelers to use this report to gain baseline knowledge of security conditions in southern Nigeria. Embassy Abuja has security and consular responsibility for all other states in Nigeria, as well as the Federal Capital Territory.

Travel Advisory. The current U. Overall Crime and Safety Situation. Crime Threats. The U. Crime is prevalent throughout Nigeria. Most crime directed toward U. The mostly commonly reported crimes are armed robbery, kidnap for ransom, and fraud. Armed robbers have targeted occupants in vehicles. Smash-and-grab robberies are common, with thieves canvassing stopped vehicles for valuables.

Cooperate if an armed assailant or carjacker approaches; resistance may invite violence. Home invasions remain a serious threat, with armed robbers even targeting guarded compounds. Armed robbers in Lagos have invaded waterfront compounds and businesses by boat, using waterways as a means of escape. Crime is rampant throughout southern Nigeria, particularly the Niger Delta region including Port Harcourt.

Multiple armed criminal elements exist throughout Nigeria, ranging from low-level to organized syndicates. Cultist or gang violence, which often erupts in supremacy battles between various groups, is a concern. Cybersecurity Issues.

Cybercrime has become a concern and is becoming more sophisticated. Business email compromise has proliferated and has included phishing, spear phishing, and even social engineering techniques. The technical proficiency has improved, making suspicious emails and contacts harder to identify. Transportation-Safety Situation. Road Safety and Road Conditions. Local drivers typically disregard traffic laws. Scooters and motorcycles generally do not follow the rules of the road, often using sidewalks to maneuver around other vehicles.

Traffic lights and signs, lanes, and highway divisions are often nonexistent or frequently unheeded where they do exist. Formal driver training and enforcement of licensing are random.

Remain a safe distance behind the vehicle ahead to allow space for avoidance maneuvers. Roads are not well-maintained and do not meet Western standards. Vehicle disablement, especially flat tires, due to poor road conditions is common. Pedestrian traffic is present on the roadside at all hours. Most roads lack lighting at night, making travel after dark particularly hazardous.

There is only limited and minimally effective enforcement of laws by local traffic officials. Traffic police officers routinely seek bribes. Drivers of all nationalities may experience harassment and shakedowns at vehicle checkpoints and during other encounters with officials. Vehicle occupants should always remain polite, slow down, and acknowledge police or military at checkpoints.

When traffic accidents occur, drivers often do not pull over to the side road; instead, they attempt to solve the issue at the location of the accident, blocking traffic. This practice often draws crowds of onlookers looking for money in exchange for offering their opinions of who was at fault. Accidents are frequent and often involve fatalities, especially on the major highways. Many traffic accidents go unreported, and no reliable statistics exist on traffic fatalities due to the lack of centralized reporting.

The lack of medical response and adequate trauma facilities is a major concern. Kidnappers have ambushed vehicles stopped at checkpoints or other obstructions in the roadway. To minimize this risk, drivers and passengers should remain vigilant when stopping at these barriers. Park in an area protected by a security guard or with access control to mitigate risk of vehicle theft or theft of belongings from vehicles.

When stuck in traffic, always lock doors and roll up windows. Hawkers sell goods in between the lanes of traffic during rush hour, and indigent people beg aggressively at car windows at major intersections and may knock on the vehicle window or try to open doors.

Be alert for suspicious persons when exiting or approaching your vehicle, as individuals sometimes steal items from vehicles through unlocked doors and rolled down windows. Robberies, including those involving armed perpetrators, have occurred along major roadways; criminals may target vehicles caught in traffic jams, particularly along bridges between the mainland and islands and at night.

Avoid traveling outside of major cities after dark because of crime and road safety concerns. Road travel can be extremely difficult during the rainy seasons March-August and September-mid-October. Public Transportation Conditions. Motorcycle taxis okadas are of particular concern. Taxis are usually yellow or white vans filled beyond their capacity with riders. Occasionally, they are lures for robberies where the occupants of the vehicle work as a team to rob an unsuspecting passenger after they enter the vehicle, assaulting the occupant and then dropping them nearby.

Taxis can be unmarked and sometimes found parked illegally outside major shopping centers, high-traffic areas, or large office buildings with sizeable workforces such as a bank headquarters.

Rideshare applications are active in Lagos, but crime and scams do exist. Uber is active, as well as a motorcycle ride share known as GoKada. Some rideshare application drivers use additional applications that mimic legitimate ones, but charge users at a higher than normal rate. Authorities do not enforce insurance, licensing, and other standard ridesharing practices in Nigeria; riders may be taking a risk using these services. Some car service companies exist and employ vetted drivers, use kill switches in vehicles, and operate a tracking program on their vehicles.

Armored vehicles are available for rent in Lagos. Trains in Nigeria tend to be a slow and relatively safe form of transportation. Travelers exiting the terminals can expect transients to approach asking for money, sometimes aggressively. Reports of extortion and bribery solicitation attempts by airport officials remain a concern. Delays and cancellations can affect domestic travel throughout the country.

Major road construction along the Oshodi Airport Interchange can cause delays traveling to and from the airport. As you approach the airport, the road becomes congested with vehicular and pedestrian traffic. Terrorism Threat. The threat of terrorism continues to challenge business activity and travel throughout Nigeria.

Terrorists groups may attack with little or no warning, targeting shopping centers, malls, markets, hotels, places of worship, restaurants, bars, schools, government installations, transportation hubs, and other places where crowds gather.

Terrorist attacks occur predominately in the northern part of the country. Do not travel to northern Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe States due to terrorism. While the epicenter for terrorist activity is in Borno State, other states in the Northeast and other parts of Nigeria may also be affected.

In , Boko Haram divided into two factions. Boko Haram has conducted kidnappings, killings, bombings, and attacks on civilian and military targets, resulting in tens of thousands of deaths, injuries, and significant destruction of property. While most active in northern Nigeria, Boko Haram actions have at times approached Lagos. The group is likely responsible for a prison break in Ekiti state and also for a suicide bombing next to an oil depot in Apapa, Lagos State. In the areas immediately surrounding Lagos, news outlets have reported the arrest of Boko Haram members, but no attacks.

Political, Economic, Religious, and Ethnic Violence. States in the South-South Niger Delta , and particularly in Rivers State, experienced the most violence during their gubernatorial elections. Victims of politically related killings ranged from youth political group members and gang members to mid-level political bosses and some nonaffiliated civilians.

Political rallies in Lagos and Rivers also resulted in the deaths of several spectators; in one notable incident, at least 14 people reportedly died during an All Progressive Conference rally in Rivers State in February Other than Rivers state, most of the urban centers in southern Nigeria remained mostly calm in the wake of the elections. There is no indication that political violence will return due to elections-related shifts in political power.

Civil Unrest. Violence occurs in pockets of southern Nigeria due to endemic poverty, poor education, youth unemployment, and high levels of inequality.

Many individuals struggle on a daily basis to access clean water, reliable power, and basic healthcare. In some communities, domestic and international efforts to address these issues occasionally have the unintended consequence of creating divisions within and among communities as groups vie for access to resources.

In isolated incidents, protests against the government related to these issues have led to violence. Incidents of intercommunal violence, including herder-settler violence emanating from the Middle Belt, occur in southern Nigeria and can prompt reprisals. Upticks in armed criminality, including armed banditry and kidnapping, are associated with intercommunal violence in the Middle Belt. Post-specific Concerns. Environmental Hazards. National disaster management and emergency preparedness are ineffective due to limited resources and capacity.

Crowd control and medical response during demonstrations is erratic.

Corruption in the Nigeria Judicial System: An Overview

Nigerian police enforce morality laws that criminalize same-sex relations, but their role as perpetrators of violence has not been well studied. Using six-year to administrative data, this article investigates the severity, prevalence, and typology of police violence and abuse of LGBT Nigerians. Available administrative reports and data were synthesized to produce a general picture of the situation on the ground. Findings point to actionable social and policy recommendations that can be taken to promote police accountability and improve police-LGBT community relations. Abimboye, M.

Blackmail is an act of coercion using the threat of revealing or publicizing either substantially true or false information about a person or people unless certain demands are met. It is often damaging information, and may be revealed to family members or associates rather than to the general public. It may involve using threats of physical, mental or emotional harm, or of criminal prosecution, against the victim or someone close to the victim. Blackmail may also be considered a form of extortion. In many jurisdictions, blackmail is a statutory offense, often criminal, carrying punitive sanctions for convicted perpetrators. Blackmail is the name of a statutory offense in the United States, England and Wales, and Australia, [8] and has been used as a convenient way of referring to certain other offenses, but was not a term used in English law until

The purpose of this study is to examine corruption in the Nigeria judicial system, the implications on justice administration and the fight against corruption in the country, and proffer recommendations on ways to eradicate corruption in the system. This paper is essentially a desk research with reliance on secondary source of data in published outlets such as journal articles, online articles and books. There is prevalence of corruption in the judicial system, and it is one the obstacles hindering the fight against corruption in the country. Salihu, H. Report bugs here. Please share your general feedback.

Greenwich Social Work Review

Department of State. This is an annual report produced in conjunction with the Regional Security Office at the U. Consulate General in Lagos.

One of the WikiLeaks documents sheds light on how Pfizer Pharmaceutical conducts business overseas. This is the seventeenth in the series. A brief, but interesting, cable released by WikiLeaks on Thursday offers some insight into how international pharamaceutical company Pfizer conducts itself in legal business overseas. The meeting had been arranged to discuss the condition of a lawsuit that had been brought against the drug giant by the Nigerian government. At issue were the allegedly harmful results of medical tests conducted by the company on Nigerian children living in the state of Kano during a meningitis outbreak in

Джабба вытаращил глаза: - Мидж, дорогая. Я по уши опутан кабелем. Если ты хочешь назначить мне свидание, я освобожусь.

Nigeria 2019 Crime & Safety Report: Lagos

Она загрузила программу Следопыт и, приготовившись отправиться на охоту, взглянула на адрес электронной почты, который вручил ей Стратмор.

Nigeria 2019 Crime & Safety Report: Lagos

 Двести тридцать восемь? - воскликнула Сьюзан.  - Разве мы не знаем, что в хиросимской бомбе был другой изотоп урана. Все вокруг недоуменно переглянулись. Соши лихорадочно прогоняла текст на мониторе в обратном направлений и наконец нашла то, что искала. - Да. Здесь говорится о другом изотопе урана.

 А ну-ка пропусти меня, Грег, - сказала.  - Мне нужно в туалет. Хейл ухмыльнулся, но, подождав еще минуту, отошел в сторону. - Извини, Сью, я пошутил. Сьюзан быстро проскочила мимо него и вышла из комнаты.


carried out in Nigeria and proposes a model of an extortion cycle that character- izes every patronage, at times by intimidation, threatened or actual violence, or blackmail. Gordon and catamountconnections.org doi: catamountconnections.org McChesney, F. S.


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Когда они в ту ночь отправились спать, она старалась радоваться с ним вместе, но что-то в глубине души говорило ей: все это кончится плохо. Она оказалась права, но никогда не подозревала насколько. - Вы заплатили ему десять тысяч долларов? - Она повысила голос.  - Это грязный трюк. - Трюк? - Теперь уже Стратмор не мог скрыть свое раздражение.

У Хейла не было мотивов для вторжения в ее компьютер. Он ведь даже не знал, что она задействовала Следопыта. А если и знал, подумала Сьюзан, то зачем ему мешать ее поискам парня по имени Северная Дакота. Вопросы, не имеющие ответов, множились в голове. А теперь все по порядку, - произнесла она вслух. К Хейлу можно вернуться чуть позже.

 Должно быть, где-то замыкание. Желтый сигнал тревоги вспыхнул над шифровалкой, и свет, пульсируя, прерывистыми пятнами упал налицо коммандера. - Может, отключить его самим? - предложила Сьюзан. Стратмор кивнул. Ему не нужно было напоминать, что произойдет, если три миллиона процессоров перегреются и воспламенятся.

С каждым мгновением появлялась новая линия, а за ней - следующая. - Они повсюду! - крикнула Соши. - Присоединяются зарубежные налетчики! - крикнул один из техников.  - Уже обо всем пронюхали. Сьюзан отвернулась от экрана ВР к боковому монитору.

 - Отключение вручную займет минут тридцать. Фонтейн по-прежнему смотрел на ВР, перебирая в уме остающиеся возможности. - Директор! - взорвался Джабба.

 Неудачный выбор места, - прокомментировал Смит.  - Халохот думал, что поблизости никого. Халохот какое-то время наблюдал за происходящим, потом скрылся за деревьями, по-видимому, выжидая. - Сейчас произойдет передача, - предупредил Смит.  - В первый раз мы этого не заметили.

Ярко освещенное помещение аэровокзала сияло стерильной чистотой. Здесь не было ни души, если не считать уборщицы, драившей пол.

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    EXTorTion AnD BLACKmAiL of niGEriAn. LESBiAnS AnD BiSEXuAL WomEn. Unoma Azuah. Extortion and blackmail are fundamental realities of homosexual​.

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