Difference Between Paraphrasing And Summarizing Pdf

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difference between paraphrasing and summarizing pdf

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What is the difference between quotation, paraphrase, and summary?

Along with quotation, paraphrase and summary provide the main tools for integrating your sources into your papers. When choosing which to use, consider first your discipline and the type of writing in which you are engaged. For example, literature reviews in science reports rely almost exclusively on summary. Argumentative essays, by contrast, rely on all three tools. These techniques help you take greater control of your essay. Consider using either tool when an idea from one of your sources is important to your essay but the wording is not.

Space limitations may guide you in your choice. But above all, think about how much of the detail from your source is relevant to your argument. If your reader needs to know only the bare bones, then summarize. Though paraphrase and summary are often preferable to quotation, do not rely too heavily on them, either.

Your ideas are what matter most. Allow yourself the space to develop those ideas. Finding new words for ideas that are already well expressed can be hard, but changing words should not be your chief aim anyway.

Focus, rather, on filtering the ideas through your own understanding. The following strategy will make the job of paraphrasing a lot easier:. You will find it much easier to avoid borrowing from the original passage because you will not have seen it recently. Follow this simple sequence:. The cause of autism has also been a matter of dispute. Its incidence is about one in a thousand, and it occurs throughout the world, its features remarkably consistent even in extremely different cultures.

It is often not recognized in the first year of life, but tends to become obvious in the second or third year. A whole generation of parents—mothers, particularly—were made to feel guilty for the autism of their children. The cause of the condition autism has been disputed. It occurs in approximately one in a thousand children, and it exists in all parts of the world, its characteristics strikingly similar in vastly differing cultures.

Although Asperger saw the condition as a biological defect of the emotions that was inborn and therefore similar to a physical defect, Kanner saw it as psychological in origin, as reflecting poor parenting and particularly a frigidly distant mother. During this period, autism was often seen as a defence mechanism, or it was misdiagnosed as childhood schizophrenia. Most of these sentences do little more than substitute one phrase for another. An additional problem with this passage is that the only citation occurs at the very end of the paragraph.

The reader might be misled into thinking that the earlier sentences were not also based on Sacks. We know, for example, that the condition occurs in roughly one out of every thousand children. We also know that the characteristics of autism do not vary from one culture to the next.

And we know that the condition is difficult to diagnose until the child has entered the second or third year of life. As Sacks points out, often a child who goes on to develop autism will show no sign of the condition at the age of one Sacks observes, however, that researchers have had a hard time agreeing on the causes of autism. He sketches the diametrically opposed positions of Asperger and Kanner. On the other hand, Kanner regarded autism as a consequence of harmful childrearing practices.

For many years confusion about this condition reigned. This paraphrase illustrates a few basic principles that can help you to paraphrase more effectively:. Summary moves much further than paraphrase from point-by-point translation. When you summarize a passage, you need first to absorb the meaning and then to capture in your own words the most important elements from the original passage.

A summary is necessarily shorter than a paraphrase. Search for.

Quoting, Paraphrasing and Summarizing

Summary and paraphrase are two crucial tools writers use to achieve a rational and impressive article. Comprehending the distinction between summary and paraphrase is necessary to steer clear of plagiarism and also helps us understand how each term is different because it brings about different changes in the layout of the composition. A paraphrase can either be lengthy, brief, or have the same scope as the initial extract. A Summary represents the salient features of publications, essays, and narratives. On the contrary, Paraphrase refers to the term used when the theory or articulation of another writer is proposed in your own words.

The terms paraphrasing and summarizing often confuse students of English. This is not surprising since the two mean very similar things with just a slight difference. First off, what are paraphrasing and summarizing? Paraphrasing and summarizing are both indispensable writing tools. This may be due to one or more of the following reasons:. These same reasons for paraphrasing and summarizing are the cause of the confusion between the two. So what is the difference then?


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Writing in college often means using ideas from other sources. There are times when it may be best to quote the sources directly, while other times may be better served by paraphrasing or summary. In order to decide which technique to use, it is helpful to think about how you are using the information in your paper. Direct quotations can be useful when the exact wording of a statement is important. The exact wording of a quotation may be significant to your claim.

Quotations must be identical to the original, using a narrow segment of the source. They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words.

Paraphrase a text if you want to clarify or shorten the original text. Quote the text if you want to keep the exact wording and meaning of the original source. Researchers often model control variable data along with independent and dependent variable data in regression analyses and ANCOVAs.

Paraphrasing and summarizing are both related terms. They are often confusing for people. Paraphrasing and summarizing are essential techniques for an effective and efficient essay. These are an absolute must when dealing with scientific concepts. Both paraphrasing and summarizing are allowed and accepted till due credit is given to the original source, and only till the work is not copied and is free from any kind of plagiarism.

Халохот попробовал отклониться влево, но не успел и со всей силы ударился об него голенью. В попытке сохранить равновесие он резко выбросил руки в стороны, но они ухватились за пустоту. Внезапно он взвился в воздух и боком полетел вниз, прямо над Беккером, распростертым на животе с вытянутыми вперед руками, продолжавшими сжимать подсвечник, об который споткнулся Халохот.

Paraphrase and Summary

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