Kinship Caste And Class Pdf
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- CBSE - Class 12 - History - Kinship Caste and Class - CBSE Important Questions
- NCERT Books for Class 12 History
- CBSE - Class 12 - History - Kinship Caste and Class - NCERT Textbook (PDF)
- Conclusion Caste, Class and Power
Themes in Indian History-I is a critical skill that inculcates logical reasoning and out-of-the-box analytical abilities. Studying Themes in Indian History-I will enable you to get much better at abstract reasoning. By going through the NCERT Book Class 12 Themes in Indian History-I Chapter Kinship; caste and class: early societies and working your way through every question, you will be basically setting yourself up for success in Class 12 board exams, at least where is involved. If you ever thought was difficult, you will find your perspective changing once you understand the concepts distilled in these Book PDF guides.
CBSE - Class 12 - History - Kinship Caste and Class - CBSE Important Questions
Question 1. Who prepared the critical edition of Mahabharata? Answer: V. Question 2. Which is the most important book in Dharmasutra Dharmasatra? Answer: Manusmriti. Question 3. What is the mode of traditional love marriage? Answer: Gandharva Marriage. Question 4. Answer: Rigveda. Question 5. Who was the archaeologist that made excavations based on Mahabharata? Answer: B. Question What is Mahabharata? Write a note. Answer: It is the longest epic in the world.
It has more than one lakh slokas. This is the richest book in the Indian subcontinent. It took nearly a thousand years to write it, starting from BC. The central theme of Mahabharata is the conflict between Kauravas and Pandavas. This book talks about a number of social classes and their rules and regulations. The main characters of the story followed these rules as heeded. Any moving away deviation from these rules created conflicts.
This can be relatives, classes or castes and people living in the same place. How did clans family groups come into existence? Answer: Right from BC, the Brahmins began to divide people into clans or classes. Each clan was given a name of a Vedacharya. Members of that clan were considered his followers. There were two important rules regarding the clans:. The Brahmin laws regarding the clans were not obeyed by all people. Describe the patriarchal order. It was a male-dominant system. After the death of the father, only the sons were entitled to his property.
If the father was a king, the right to the crown belonged to the sons. This patriarchal system played a big role in marriage. To enforce the Caste System the Brahmins used some strategies. Answer: By the end of the Vedic period, the Caste system became very strict. Brahmins used the caste system to ensure their supremacy in society.
They claimed that this system was divinely ordained. The divine origin of the caste system was emphasized in the Dharmasastra also. The Brahmins did all they could to make people follow the caste system. They formulated three techniques,. What were the duties of Chandalas? Answer: Manusmriti has detailed the duties of the Chandalas. They should live outside the village. They can use only the discarded pots and pans.
They should wear ornaments made of iron and clothes of the dead. They could not walk in the towns and villages at night. It was their duty to dispose of the dead bodies of those who had no relatives. They also had to work as executioners.
Who is the real author of Mahabharata? Assess the various viewpoints. Answer: One of the responsibilities of the scholars was the preparation of a critical edition of Mahabharata. This hugely challenging scheme was accepted by the handarkar Oriental Research Institute. This scheme began in under the leadership of the Sanskrit scholar V. Dozens of scholars took part in this s big scheme. The work went on in good order, strictly following the scientific method. Before embarking on this project, the scholars under Sukthanker collected as many manuscripts as they could get from different parts of India.
After that, they compared the slokas in different manuscripts. They then chose the common slokas found in all versions. Then they published them in different volumes running into more than 13, pages. It took them 47 years to complete this task. Two things became clear from this project. First of all, there were common features in the Sanskrit version of the story.
There are evidences for this from the manuscripts collected from all over India, from Kashmir and Nepal in the North and Kerala and Tamil Nadu in the South.
The second thing is that there were regional variations in the story. This happened centuries ago and the books became popular. All these differences are shown as footnotes and appendices, in the main book. More than half of the entire book is devoted to these differences.
The social history of India is made up of some very complex processes. We are to understand these processes from the Sanskrit books written by Brahmins.
It was the historians of the 19 th and 20 th centuries that looked into the problems of social history. Therefore they took these books on their face value. Later the scholars also began to study the books written in Prakrit and Tamil. It is the ideas in the Sanskrit books that are generally approved as authentic. But sometimes they have been questioned or rejected.
When we consider how the social history was reconstructed, we should also remember that there were many differences even among scholars. What are the exceptions of the patriarchal system? Answer: There were some exceptions and differences to the patriarchal system. If a family did not have male children, the brothers of the king would have the right to the crown. In some circumstances, other relatives also claimed the crown. On very rare occasions even women claimed authority and property as in the case of Prabhavati Gupta.
According to Manusmriti, who are the heirs to the property of the dead father? Answer: Manusmriti says that the paternal property should be divided among the sons after the death of the parents. He said that the eldest son should be given a bigger share. But female children had no right to these properties.
However, women were allowed to keep the gifts they received at the time of their wedding. Later such gifts went to their children. Husbands had no right over these things. At the same time, women were not allowed to keep family property or expensive items without the knowledge of their husbands. Manusmriti says that there are 7 ways for men to earn wealth: hereditary property, property that one makes, property that is bought, confiscated property, deposits, profession and property received from benefactors.
Six ways are suggested for women to earn wealth, wealth received through pledge by fire, wealth received through marriage, wealth received because of affection, wealth got from father, mother or brother, wealth got as gifts, and the riches given by the loving husband.
What is meant by Dharmasutras and Dharmasastras? Who upholds them? Answer: With the coming of the new towns and cities, social life became more complex. People from far and near began to come to the urban centres to sell their products and get their needs.
It also gave the people an opportunity to exchange ideas.
NCERT Books for Class 12 History
The most important questions for annual examination from chapter 3 Kinship Caste and Class are given here for download. Class 12 History Kinship Caste and Class have different set of questions. These questions are repeatedly asked in exams in one or other way round. Practicing such most important questions certainly help students to get good marks in exams. The solved question papers from chapter 3 Kinship Caste and Class have all type of questions may be asked in annual exams such as VSA very short answer type questions, SA short answer type questions, LA long answer type questions, VBA value based questions and HOTS higher order thinking skill based questions.
NCERT Book Class 12 Themes in Indian History-I Chapter Kinship; caste and class: early societies in Hindi and English Medium in PDF form download here.
CBSE - Class 12 - History - Kinship Caste and Class - NCERT Textbook (PDF)
Spank me. Hey, i am looking for an online sexual partner ; Click on my boobs if you are interested. Sir plzz amke notes of other chapters as well bcoz toir notes are helpful for us. Chapter-3 Kinship, Caste and Class. Mahabharata , a colossal epic to understand social behaviour of early historic period.
Don't have an account? This chapter investigates the changing relations between caste, class, and power. The distribution of power creates a hierarchy which is different from the hierarchies of caste and class.
Conclusion Caste, Class and Power
Here are all questions are solved with a full explanation and available for free to download. Not only that, but you will also have access to all the study materials and solutions along with absolutely Online Tests to improve your problem-solving speed. Class 12 is an essential milestone in your life as you take any serious decisions about your future study on your performance. Whether you select to be a doctor or engineer, you will have to deal with Themes In Indian History Part I in every area. Making the concepts of class 12 concrete can immensely help you in obtaining good marks in the CBSE Class 12 board examination as well as in different competitive exams. First, you should imprint this in your mind that NCERT books are the most important tool that you can have to get well-versed with the basics. The solutions for every exercise have been curated and evaluated by some of the best educators across India.
Explain why patriliny may have been particularly important among elite families. Ans: Patriliny is the system through which descent from father to son and grandson is traced. The principle of patriliny would have been essential for the elite families for the following reasons: Continuity of Dynasty: As per the Dharmashastras, it was an established belief that the son carried forward the dynasty. That was the main reason that the families wished for sons not for daughters.
Kinship; Caste & Class Early Societies, then SelfStudys is the perfect website to free download it in PDF format. You might be informed of that the curriculum for.
Going through the solutions provided on this page will help you to know how to approach and solve the problems. If you are studying in class 12 and preparing for the last exam of your school life, then all the best. You will need this badly. After all, this exam is going to play the determining factor in your life. On one hand, this exam will make it easier for you to choose the right stream of studies that will be perfect for you.
Question 1. The earliest inscriptions were written on which material? Question 2. Which of the following was one of the occupations of Kshatriyas?
Please also refer to the NCERT solutions for Class 12 History to understand the answers of the exercise questions given at the end of this chapter. In the previous chapter we saw that there were several changes in economic and political life between c. Some of these changes influenced societies as well. Some texts lay down norms of social behaviour; others describe and occasionally comment on a wide range of social situations and practices.
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