Oedipus And Electra Complex Pdf
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Mourning Becomes Electra. Who's Electra?
- HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT AND CHANGES OF THE OEDİPUS COMPLEX
- The Oedipus Complex in Children
- Oedipal Complex
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT AND CHANGES OF THE OEDİPUS COMPLEX
Essentially, a boy feels that he is competing with his father for possession of his mother, while a girl feels that she is competing with her mother for her father's affections. According to Freud, children view their same-sex parent as a rival for the opposite-sex parent's attention and affections. The concept became increasingly important as he continued to develop his concept of psychosexual development. In the Greek myth, Oedipus is abandoned at birth and thus does not know who his parents are.
This desire is kept out of conscious awareness through repression, but Freud believed that it still had an influence over a child's behavior and played a role in development. Freud suggested that the Oedipus complex played an important role in the phallic stage of psychosexual development. According to Freud, the boy wishes to possess his mother and replace his father, who the child views as a rival for the mother's affections.
The Oedipal complex occurs in the phallic stage of psychosexual development between the ages of three and five. The phallic stage serves as an important point in forming sexual identity.
During this stage of development, Freud suggested that the child develops a sexual attraction to his or her opposite-sex parent and hostility toward the same-sex parent. So what are some of the signs of the Oedipal complex? Freud suggested that there are a number of behaviors that children engage in that are actually a result of this complex. Some behavioral manifestations of the complex might involve a boy expressing possessiveness of his mother and telling his father not to hug or kiss his mom.
Little girls at this age may declare that they plan to marry their fathers when they grow up. The term Electra complex was introduced by Carl Jung to describe how this complex manifests in girls.
Freud also suggested that when girls discover that they do not have a penis, they develop penis envy and resentment toward their mothers for "sending her into the world so insufficiently equipped. It was Freud's views of female sexuality that was perhaps his most heavily criticized. The psychoanalyst Karen Horney refuted Freud's concept of penis envy and instead suggested that men experience womb envy due to their inability to bear children. After all, the sexual life of adult women is a 'dark continent' for psychology.
At each stage in Freud's theory of psychosexual development, children face a developmental conflict that must be resolved in order to form a healthy adult personality. In order to develop into a successful adult with a healthy identity, the child must identify with the same-sex parent in order to resolve the conflict of the phallic stage.
So how does the child go about resolving the Oedipus complex? In addition, the boy also has a positive attachment to the father. The id, as you may recall, is the primal source of energy that seeks to immediately satisfy all of the unconscious urges. The ego is the part of the personality that emerges to mediate between the urges of the id and the demands of reality. According to Freud, the boy then experiences what he called castration anxiety which is a fear of both literal and figurative emasculation.
Freud believed that as the child becomes aware of the physical differences between males and females, he assumes that the female's penis has been removed and that his father will also castrate him as a punishment for desiring his mother. In order to resolve the conflict, the defense mechanism known as identification kicks in.
The super-ego becomes a sort of inner moral authority, an internalization of the father figure that strives to suppress the urges of the id and make the ego act upon these idealistic standards. Outside influences including social norms, religious teachings, and other cultural influences help contribute to the repression of the Oedipal complex. It is out of this that the child's conscience emerges, or his overall sense of right and wrong. In some cases, however, Freud also suggested that these repressed feelings could also result in an unconscious sense of guilt.
While this guilt may not be overtly felt, it can still have an influence over the individual's conscious actions. As when conflicts at other psychosexual stages are not resolved, a fixation at that point in development can result. Freud suggested that boys who do not deal with this conflict effectively become " mother-fixated " while girls become "father-fixated.
An unresolved Oedipus Complex can lead to challenges in achieving mature adult romantic relationships, and conflicts with same-sex competitiveness. Psychoanalysis focuses on helping resolve these conflicts.
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Phallic stage. Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Springer, Cham; American Psychological Association. Electra complex. APA Dictionary of Psychology. Hartke R. The Oedipus complex: A confrontation at the central cross-roads of psychoanalysis. Int J Psychoanal. Table of Contents View All. Table of Contents. Electra Complex. Ongoing Issues. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback!
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Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Freud, S. New York: Norton; The dissolution of the Oedipus complex. Standard Edition. New York: Worth Publishers; New York: Basic Books; Related Articles.
Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis Study Guide. Psychological Fixations and How They Develop. Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalytic Theories of Women. How Psychoanalysis Influenced the Field of Psychology.
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The Oedipus Complex in Children
Essentially, a boy feels that he is competing with his father for possession of his mother, while a girl feels that she is competing with her mother for her father's affections. According to Freud, children view their same-sex parent as a rival for the opposite-sex parent's attention and affections. The concept became increasingly important as he continued to develop his concept of psychosexual development. In the Greek myth, Oedipus is abandoned at birth and thus does not know who his parents are. This desire is kept out of conscious awareness through repression, but Freud believed that it still had an influence over a child's behavior and played a role in development.
The Oedipus complex describes these feelings of wanting to possess the mother and the desire to replace the father. However, the child also fears that he will be punished by the father for these feelings, a fear Freud termed castration anxiety. Sigmund Freud, who developed the Oedipus complex theory, first developed the idea that a young girl child competes with her mother for the sexual attention of her karate-altay. Freud's theory of human development, proposed both an ego development and a libido development. But these developmental processes are interwoven and are only separated abstractly for theoretical purposes. The Phallic Stage and the Oedipus Complex. Lecture Notes on Sigmund Freud Unconscious: the focus of Freud's depth psychology -- a level of psychic functioning deeper than the conscious or preconscious.
The Oedipal complex is a term used by Sigmund Freud in his theory of psychosexual stages of development , and is the generic term for both Oedipus and Electra complexes. The Oedipal complex occurs during the Phallic stage of development ages in which the source of libido life force is concentrated in the erogenous zones of the child's body Freud, During this stage, children experience an unconscious feeling of desire for their opposite-sex parent and jealousy and envy toward their same-sex parent. The Oedipus complex is a theory of Sigmund Freud, and occurs during the Phallic stage of psychosexual development. It involves a boy, aged between 3 and 6, becoming unconsciously sexually attached to his mother, and hostile towards his father who he views as a rival.
Absentee Ballot vs. In this way, she will discover her own place in the family system. We Asked, You Answered.
Oedipus Complex, in psychoanalytic theory, is based on the premise of incestuous fantasy in which a child desires the parent of the opposite sex. Sigmund Freud — , the father of psychoanalysis, held that children pass through a stage from about ages 3—6 in which they develop a lively curiosity about sex. The son desires his mother and wants the father dead.