List Of Vitamins And Their Deficiency Diseases Pdf
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- Deficiency Diseases and Malnutrition – GK Notes in PDF
- Vitamin Deficiency Diseases List PDF
- DEFICIENCIES OF THE WATER-SOLUBLE VITAMINS
Vitamin deficiency is the condition of a long-term lack of a vitamin. When caused by not enough vitamin intake it is classified as a primary deficiency , whereas when due to an underlying disorder such as malabsorption it is called a secondary deficiency.
Deficiency Diseases and Malnutrition – GK Notes in PDF
The tables below list the vitamins , what they do in the body their functions , and their sources in food. Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses. These vitamins are not as likely as fat-soluble vitamins to reach toxic levels. But niacin, vitamin B6, folate, choline, and vitamin C have upper consumption limits. Vitamin B6 at high levels over a long period of time has been shown to cause irreversible nerve damage. A balanced diet usually provides enough of these vitamins.
NCBI Bookshelf. The water-soluble vitamins include ascorbic acid vitamin C , thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B 6 pyridoxine, pyridoxal, and pyridoxamine , folacin, vitamin B 12 , biotin, and pantothenic acid. Vitamin C is active in the body either as L-ascorbic acid or as dehydroascorbic acid. Its best-known function is as a cofactor for the enzyme required to hydroxylate prolyl and lysyl residues for the synthesis of connective tissue proteins. Since the beginning of the century, the amount of vitamin C in the food supply has increased, partly because of the greater supplies of citrus fruits and dark-green vegetables and partly because of the fortification of some foods.
If you're like most kids, you've probably heard at least one parent say, "Don't forget to take your vitamin! Vitamins and minerals are substances that are found in foods we eat. Your body needs them to work properly, so you grow and develop just like you should. When it comes to vitamins, each one has a special role to play. For example:.
Vitamin Deficiency Diseases List PDF
Moreover, the Global Hunger Index Report ranked India 20th amongst leading countries with a serious hunger situation. These facts hint dire consequences for mortality rate, productivity and economic growth. Therefore, nutritional deficiency diseases have obtained an important place in various government competitive exams. This list of nutrients, their sources, constituents and deficiency diseases will help you prepare for the same. Download this as PDF. We hope you find this post on deficiency diseases and malnutrition helpful.
Written and peer-reviewed by physicians—but use at your own risk. Read our disclaimer. Vitamins are a group of chemically diverse organic compounds that an organism requires for normal metabolism. Apart from a few exceptions e. Vitamins are micronutrients that do not provide energy like macronutrients but instead have very specific biochemical roles.
By definition, a nutrient is any substance that is absorbed and either provides you with energy or enables growth, repair or proper functioning of your body. There are seven main classes of nutrients that the body needs. These are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, fibre and water. It is important that everyone consumes these seven nutrients on a daily basis to help them build their bodies and maintain their health. Deficiencies, excesses and imbalances in diet can produce negative impacts on health, which may lead to diseases. This list of nutrients, their sources, constituents and deficiency diseases will help you prepare for the Competetive Examination.
DEFICIENCIES OF THE WATER-SOLUBLE VITAMINS
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